Five Niyamas As Listed In Patanjali's Yoga Sutra


Like Yamas, Niyamas are also five in number and have been prescribed by Patanjali in his Ashtangyoga or eight-fold path of yoga for ensuring personal discipline. Niyamas tell the yogi how to interact with his/her own self. While the yamas are negative in nature because they are consisted of prohibitions and abstentions; niyamas are positive in nature. 

Five niyamas are as mentioned below:

An image showing yogi with five niyamas
Shauch (Cleanliness): Cleanliness is of mainly of two types -- external and internal. A yogi or a person who is on eight-fold path of yoga should be clean internally by renouncing his/her sadistic and vicious desires as well as externally by making an apt use of water and other cleansing agents like herbal soap.

Santosh (Contentment): Contentment means the absence of longing and craving to possess more and more of material things. One should possess only those things that are really necessary for preservation of life. It also implies that a person should work sincerely as well as to one’s full competence and then be content with the result of efforts. It is a state of mind that brings peace of mind. Contentment is one of the greatest assets of yogis.

Tapa (Austerity): Austerity is the capability to face all odds and complexities in the performance of righteousness. It also implies that a person should have the potency and courage to remain unaltered by the odds of life. In a nutshell, the practice of good/moral conduct in the face of all odds and difficulties is tapa/austerity. 

Swadhyaya (Study of Good Literature): Study of good literature means study of scriptures and other religions text that guides a person towards moral values and gives him/her the courage to follow the path of good conduct, righteousness. It also implies study of the self because self analysis lets a person know his/her weaknesses which in turn help the person lead a moral and spiritual life. 

Ishwar Pranidhan (Surrender to the Almighty): It means a person should dedicate his all actions, including thoughts and feelings, to the Almighty/God. In implies absolute and unconditional faith in God. However, one has to first understand the true concept of the Almighty, his nature and attributes and then accept Him as his Guide to attain the ultimate goal – merging the self with the Supreme.

5/28/2016
Five Niyamas As Listed In Patanjali's Yoga Sutra

Like Yamas, Niyamas are also five in number and have been prescribed by Patanjali in his Ashtangyoga or eight-fold path of yoga for ensuring personal discipline. Niyamas tell the yogi how to interact with his/her own self. While the yamas are negative in nature because they are consisted of prohibitions and abstentions; niyamas are positive in nature. 

Five niyamas are as mentioned below:

An image showing yogi with five niyamas
Shauch (Cleanliness): Cleanliness is of mainly of two types -- external and internal. A yogi or a person who is on eight-fold path of yoga should be clean internally by renouncing his/her sadistic and vicious desires as well as externally by making an apt use of water and other cleansing agents like herbal soap.

Santosh (Contentment): Contentment means the absence of longing and craving to possess more and more of material things. One should possess only those things that are really necessary for preservation of life. It also implies that a person should work sincerely as well as to one’s full competence and then be content with the result of efforts. It is a state of mind that brings peace of mind. Contentment is one of the greatest assets of yogis.

Tapa (Austerity): Austerity is the capability to face all odds and complexities in the performance of righteousness. It also implies that a person should have the potency and courage to remain unaltered by the odds of life. In a nutshell, the practice of good/moral conduct in the face of all odds and difficulties is tapa/austerity. 

Swadhyaya (Study of Good Literature): Study of good literature means study of scriptures and other religions text that guides a person towards moral values and gives him/her the courage to follow the path of good conduct, righteousness. It also implies study of the self because self analysis lets a person know his/her weaknesses which in turn help the person lead a moral and spiritual life. 

Ishwar Pranidhan (Surrender to the Almighty): It means a person should dedicate his all actions, including thoughts and feelings, to the Almighty/God. In implies absolute and unconditional faith in God. However, one has to first understand the true concept of the Almighty, his nature and attributes and then accept Him as his Guide to attain the ultimate goal – merging the self with the Supreme.